Major in Anthropology with Health Emphasis
Students with a broader perspective are now in demand by medical schools nationwide. A recent article on the topic summarizes this trend by saying that ``medical educators are looking beyond biology and chemistry majors in the search for more well-rounded students who can be molded into caring and analytic doctors.'' This perspective is shared by the University of Utah School of Medicine Office of Admissions and by other health professional schools in Utah and nationwide.
The Anthropology Major with Health Emphasis is designed to meet this need. The program satisfies the curricular requirements of medical and other health-related professional schools while at the same time educating students about
- The interactions between biological, environmental and social factors influencing health and illness, and
- Human adaptation and maladaptation from an evolutionary perspective
“My education in Anthropology [at the University of Utah] was a superb preparation for medical school. It provided a perspective on human behavior that encouraged a deeper understanding of how health and disease are created, influenced and ultimately treated...The added skill of integrating [basic science] knowledge with human behavior made me a very attractive candidate for the admission board at the University of Utah School of Medicine. It was an attribute that helped me stand out from the crowd seeking admission at that time.” John Dodson, M.D.
Program of study
The health emphasis track has two components:
(1) Core courses that must be taken by all students in the health emphasis track. These will also satisfy the requirements for the bachelors degree in Anthropology.
(2) Allied coursesrequired for medical school or for another professional school. If you are interested in a professional school that isn't listed, please see the advisor Sandra McCarthy for approval.
These two components are described in detail below. Admission to most professional schools requires more than coursework, however, so be sure to consult with the University Preprofessional Advising Office for additional guidance about preparation for health-related professional schools. Also, take a look at Alpha Epsilon Delta, the pre-med honors society, and U of U Career Services.
Core Course Requirements
All courses must be completed with a “C” grade or better and one must have a minimum overall GPA of 3.0. G.E. & Bachelor’s Degree Requirements [indicated in square brackets]. These core courses provide 25 of the 40 required upper division hours.
Statistics: 1 course (3-4 hrs) Any of the following:
ECON 3640 (3 hrs) [QB]
FCS 3210 (4 hrs) [QB,QI]
PSY 3000 (4 hrs) [QB,QI]
SOC 3112 (4 hrs) [QB,QI]
MATH 1070 (3 hrs) [QB]
MATH 3070 (4 hrs) [QA,QB,QI]
Other statistics courses may be substituted with permission of student’s advisor.
Introductory Anthropology: 3 courses (9 hrs)
1010 Culture & the human experience [BF]
PLUS any two of:
1020 Human origins: evolution and diversity [SF]
1030 World prehistory: An introduction [BF]
1050 The evolution of human nature [SF]
ANTH 3001, Anthropology as a major and a career: 1 course (1 hr)
Medical Anthropology: 2 courses (6 hrs)
4193 Medical Anthropology
PLUS at least one of:
4133 Maternal and Child Health
4252 Human Biology
4291 Evolution of Human Health
Geographical area courses: 2 courses (6 hrs)
Any two of Anthropology 3111-3961. The following fulfill Gen Ed requirements:
DV: 3111, 3112
IR: 3121, 3125, 3126, 3127, 3128, 3131, 3153, 3154
Research experience is strongly recommended but no longer required.
Electives: 3 courses (9 hrs)
Three courses from the following list (in addition to above):
3211 Biology of Native Americans
4130 The Anthropology of Food
4133 Maternal and Child Health
4138 Anthropology of Violence and Non-Violence
4183 Sex and Gender: Biosocial Perspectives
4192 Culture, Health, and Healing
4231 Social Consequences of Humn Biol Diversity
4242 Anthropology of Clinical Health Care
4252 Human Biology
4271 Human Osteology
4272 Forensic Anth (pre-req 4271 Hum Osteology)
4291 Evolution of Human Health
4334 Population Issues in Anthropology [QB,QI]
4461 Behavioral Ecology and Anthropology
4481 Evolutionary Psychology
5221 Human Evolutionary Genetics (4 hrs) [QI]
HSP 5000 Behavioral Science and Health Capstone
In addition to the courses listed above, health emphasis students must complete the admission requirements for medical school or for another professional health-related graduate program. Choose one of the options listed below and inform the anthropology advisor of your choice.
Allied Course Requirements
Required and recommended course preparation is given below for several health-related professional careers, including medicine, osteopathy, occupational therapy, nursing, gerontology, physician's assistant, and public health. Courses listed are based on University of Utah graduate programs; those of another program may be substituted with the advisor's permission. This list is subject to change without notice. Be sure to check requirements directly with the schools you are interested in, and notify us if you have concerns.
Requirements for admission to medical school go beyond course work, and include extra-curricular activities, voluntary service, leadership, research, patient shadowing (following doctors around to see what they do), and patient exposure (direct interaction with sick people). Course requirements vary with the medical school, but the University of Utah Medical School's undergraduate requirements are typical, and include, among other things, basic science courses that can be satisfied with:
-Physics 2010 and its lab (2015)
-Physics 2020 and its lab (2025)
-Chemistry 1210 and its lab (1215)
-Chemistry 1220 and its lab (1225)
-Chemistry 2310 and its lab (2315)
-Chemistry 2320 and its lab (2325)
-Two biology courses, one of which must be cell biology or biochemistry
WHICH BIOLOGY COURSES?
After consulting with medical school faculty, students, and anthro alums who went to medical school, we recommend that all pre-med students take all three of the following courses, with their associated labs:
-Biology 3510 Biochemistry I
-Biology 2020 Cell Biology
-Biology 2325 Human Anatomy
People who have been through the first demanding year of medical school view these as essential preparation, and most of your classmates will have taken these courses as undergraduates.
The following courses will also be extremely valuable and are recommended. None is itself essential, but the more preparation you have, the easier time you will have during your first two years of medical school:
-Biology 2420 Human Physiology
-Biology 2030 Genetics
-Biology3230 Developmental biology
-Biology 3130 Molecular and cellular physiology
You might also find it useful to take:
We recommend that you consult, early and often, with the University's pre-professional advising office
Physics 3111, which is an MCAT preparatory class
Osteopathic physicians (D.O.) emphasize primary care but are licensed to practice medicine in all specialty areas. They are similar to MDs but their training and approach emphasize the health of the whole person. Course requirements are similar to those for other pre-meds, and applicants also take the MCAT. There are no programs in Utah (although many D.O.s practice here), but this may be a good fit for anthropology undergraduates interested in a career in medicine. If you are interested, see the webpage of the American Osteopathic Association and the University's pre-professional advising office
Students interested in osteopathic medicine should follow the pre-med sequence above.
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY (OT)
Occupational therapists make it possible for people with a variety of challenges to function successfully. Faculty in the OT program here at Utah consider Anthropology to be an excellent major for those interested in pursuing this career.
Because course numbers and requirements change, be sure to check their website for complete information: http://www.health.utah.edu/ot/ .
Admission to the OT program here requires completion of the following additional courses:
-Human Anatomy (with lab) -- biology 2325 within the past 5 years
-Human Physiology -- biology 2420
-Human Development Through the Lifespan
-Abnormal Psychology -- Psych 3400
-Sociology or Health Ed or Special Ed or Gerontology
-Kinesiology or physics or biomechanics
-Anthropology -- 1 course
OT faculty contacts:
Academic Advisor: Kelly Brown
The University of Utah College of Nursing has several paths to a bachelor of science in nursing degree, described here, including an Accelerated Baccalaureate program for students who already have a bachelor's degree and want to become nurses as well as a Traditional program for undergraduates. They also have education programs leading to a variety of more advanced post-graduate degrees, both research-focused and practice-focused. To enter a graduate nursing program (to become a nurse practitioner, for example) or to earn a practice doctorate in nursing (the DNP), you need a baccalaureate degree in nursing first.
Two of the faculty members in the U of U's school of nursing, Lauren Clark and Janice Morse, are nurse anthropologists.
Prospective students seeking entry to the baccalaureate program in nursing must attend an information session before making an appointment to meet individually with the Pre-Nursing or Nursing Advisor.
The traditional program requires the following 10 courses, which must be completed before admission, and the starred courses must be completed at the time of application (check the BS in nursing - Traditional Program website to make sure this list is current)
-*Biology 1210, Principles of Biology
-*Biology 2325, Human Anatomy
-*Biology 2420, Human Physiology
-*Chemistry 1110, Elementary Chemistry
-*Chemistry 1120, Bio/organic Chemistry
-*Math 1070, Statistics
-Nutrition 3010, Nutrition Intervention
-Human Growth and Development
-Pathology 3100, Introduction to Medical Microbiology
-Nursing 2270, Pathophysiology
The University of Utah has an interdisciplinary graduate program in Gerontology. There are many careers possibilities in this field, some with a focus on health. The U offers both a certificate program and a master’s degree program.
See http://nursing.utah.edu/programs/index.php if you are interested in the University of Utah's program. There are no specific admission requirements, so students interested in pursing this career path should design an appropriate set of pre-professional courses with the assistance of the gerontology faculty advisors, and get approval from the anthropology advisor.
Physician's Assistants practice medicine under the supervision of a physician. They may work closely with physicians, or they may be primary care providers in rural or inner city clinics where a physician is present for only one or two days each week. See the following for more information:
The program at the University of Utah is described here: http://medicine.utah.edu/upap/
Entrance requirements include the following coursework (check the website above to make sure this list is current):
-Biology 2325, Human Anatomy with lab
-Biology 2420, Human Physiology with lab
-Chemistry, any two courses (with labs)
-One additional biology course relevant to the human body
Three years of medically-related experience, especially paid employment, are strongly weighted in the application.
Public health professionals work to promote health and prevent disease in communities. Some areas of specialization within public health include:
-Health Education/Behavioral Science
-Health Services Administration
-Maternal and Child Health
-Public Health Administration and Policy
-Public Health Nutrition
-Public Health Practice
Students interested in applying to a program in public health should think carefully about which area they want to specialize in, and then design an appropriate set of pre-professional courses with the assistance of the anthro advisor and a faculty mentor.
There are many schools of Public Health across the nation. If you are interested in a public health career, here are two websites that you will find helpful:
The University of Utah does not have a School of Public Health, but it has a growing program that grants degrees in the field, as described here:
There are several professional degrees offered by the College of Health. See the following links for further information on graduate training in:
-PHYSICAL THERAPY: http://www.health.utah.edu/pt/
-PARKS, RECREATION AND TOURISM: http://www.health.utah.edu/prt/
-EXERCISE AND SPORTS SCIENCE: http://www.health.utah.edu/ess/index.html
The pre-professional advising office has information on:
In addition to further information about pre-med and pre-osteopathy
If you are interested in one of these other programs, or in one not listed, please show the anthro advisor
the admission requirements and get her approval for your proposed course of study.